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How did Prophet Muhammad celebrate Eid? An Occasion of Joy and Thanks Giving








Eid means celebration, festival. Eid al-Fitr is the Celebration of Breaking the Fast after Ramadan.

Eid al-Fitr as occasion of holy celebration and thanks giving was originated by the Messenger, may profound peace and blessings of Allah saturate his noble soul. It is observed on the first of the month of Shawwal at the end of the month of Ramadan, during which Muslims undergo a month long period of fasting.

According to islamic tradition, these festivals were initiated in Madinah after the migration of Muhammad from Mecca and nascent Islamic state was born. Its reported:
When the Prophet arrived in Madinah, he found people celebrating two specific days in which they used to entertain themselves with recreation and merriment. He asked them about the nature of these festivities at which they replied that these days were occasions of fun and recreation. At this, the Prophet remarked that the Almighty has fixed two days [of festivity] instead of these for you which are better than these: Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha.

Since then both the festivals are celebrated by Muslims or all school of thoughts irrespective of region or race. Eidul Fitr is the festival when Muslims offer special prayers and thank Allah for the successful end of the month of fasting and prayers. A saying of the Prophet says that the Eidul Fitr is a reward from Almighty Allah (swt) who is pleased with his slaves following their month long fasting.

The holy Prophet advises the Muslims to celebrate Eid by offering prayer, thanks giving Almighty Allah, and forgiving each other.

Regarding Eid-ul-Fitr, the Messenger said, “When the month of Ramadaan is over, and the night of Eid-ul-Fitr has arrived, that night is called the Night of Prize. Then, in the early morning of Eid-ul-Fitr Allah Ta’ala will send His angels forth to visit all the towns and cities on the earth below. Once they have made their descent, they will position themselves at the entrances to all the streets and alleys. There, in a voice that is audible to every being created by Allah Ta’ala, apart from the jinn and humankind, they will issue a proclamation saying, “O Community of Muhammad, come forth into the presence of a Noble and Generous Lord, who will grant you gifts in abundance and forgive your terrible sin!”

Then when the believers have emerged and presented themselves at their place of prayer, Allah Ta’ala will say to His angels, “O My angels, what is the recompense of the hired labourer, once he has done his job?” The angels will reply, “Our Lord and our Master, You will pay him his wages in full!” So Allah Ta’ala will say, “I now call upon you to bear witness, O My angels, that I have conferred My acceptance and My forgiveness as the reward for their fasting and night vigil during the month of Ramadaan.” Allah Ta’ala will then say, “O My servants put your requests to Me now, for this I swear by My Might and My Majesty, you will not ask Me this day, in this gathering of yours for anything connected with your life hereafter, without My granting it to you; nor for anything connected with your life in this lower world, without My attending to your need. By My Might and My Majesty, I will not put you to shame, nor will I expose you to disgrace amongst those who are faithfully committed to observing the laws (of Shariah). Now you may depart, knowing that you have been forgiven. You have won My approval, and I am well pleased with you.”” [Ghunyalit Taalibi Tareeqal Haq, Vol. 3]



The practice of the greatest Sunnah is showing Mercy


It was Eid day, the day of celebration and a day of rejoicing. There was an air of festivity in the streets of Madinah. All the people, both young and old were dressed in their best clothes, especially for this special day of Eid.

As it was time for early morning Eid prayers everyone made their way to an open piece of land on the outskirts of the city. The Prophet Muhammad, upon him be peace, arrived and led the prayers. After they had finished they all greeted each other and everyone was walking back home. The children running and playing in excitement, smiling and laughing, without a care in the world.

As the Prophet walked back home, he suddenly became aware of a little boy (Zuhair Bin Saghir) sitting by himself on the side of the path. The little boy was crying and looked very sad. The Prophet of love and mercy bent down and patted him on the shoulders and asked 'why are you crying?' 'Please leave me alone' sobbed the little boy. The boy didn't even see who was talking to him, such was his overwhelming sadness.

The loving Prophet ran his fingers through the boy's hair and very gently and kindly asked him again why he was crying. This time the boy said, 'My father was martyred fighting, and now my mother has married again and my stepfather does not want me to live at home any more. Today is Eid and everyone is happy. All the children have new clothes and nice things to eat, but I don't have any clothes except what I am wearing. I have no food and I don't even have a place to live.'

The Prophet said to him, 'I know how you feel, I lost both my mother and father when I was a little boy.' The boy was surprised to hear that it was an orphan who was comforting him, and when he looked up to his great surprise it was the Prophet Muhammad, the most beloved person in the whole world - and he immediately jumped up to his feet out of love and respect.

The Prophet said to him 'If I were to become your new father and Ayesha you new mother, and Fatima your new sister, would that make you feel better?' 'Oh yes, that would be the best thing in the world!' The boy started smiling. The Prophet took him home and gave him new clothes and good food on this beautiful day of Eid. The boy indeed had a wonderful Eid that day.

Later on Zuhair Bin Saghir, who was a companion of Prophet said, “I was hungry and thirsty. Messenger of God fed me. I was an orphan, but now, Prophet Muhammad is my father and Hazrat Aisha is my mother. I am no longer an orphan.”


Some one asked the Prophet Muhammad, what actions are most excellent? He replied, To gladden the heart of a human being, to feed the hungry, to help the afflicted, to lighten the sorrow of the sorrowful, and to remove the wrongs of the injured.


How did the Prophet & his companions celebrate Eid?


“Adorn the eids (the Eid-ul Fıtr and the Eid-ul Adha) with La ilaha illa allah, Allahu Akbar, Al-hamdu lillah, Subhana allah.” (Ebu Nuaym)

 “There are among the narrations many that strongly encourage thanks and remembrance of God at festival times in order to prevent heedlessness from prevailing and deviation into the illicit. Then at such times this may transform the bounties of joy and happiness into thanks (shukr) and make the bounty continue and increase it. For thanks increase bounty and dispel heedlessness.” (Badiuzzaman Said Nursi- from the Risala-i Nur Collection/The Flashes)

We learn about the Sunan (traditions) of Eid from various narrations:

• The Companions, may Allah be pleased with them, used to recite Takbeer during the night of Eid from sunset on the last day of Ramadan until the Imam came to lead the Eid prayer in the morning.

• They raised their voices in supplication and remembrance of Allah in the marketplaces, mosques and homes, but the women did so inaudibly.

• The Prophet would not go out on Eid al-Fitr until he had eaten an odd number of dates. (Ahmad and Al-Bukhari) In Al-Muwatta, it is recorded from Sa’id Bin Al-Musayyib that the people were ordered to eat before they went out for prayer on the day of breaking the fast.

• They performed Ghusl (ritual bath) and wore their best clothes and applied perfume. Ibn Al-Qayyim writes: “The Prophet (peace be upon him) had a special (Yemeni) cloak that he would wear on the two Eids and Jumu’ah.”

• The Prophet would take his wives and daughters to the two Eids, and after he prayed and gave a Khutbah, he went to the women and reminded them of Allah, and ordered them to give charity. (Al-Bukhari) Umm ‘Atiyah reports: “We were ordered to go out with the single and menstruating women on the two Eids in order to witness the good and the supplications of the Muslims. The menstruating women would be separate from the others.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

• The Prophet and his Companions paid Zakat Al-Fitr before the Eid prayer, or even a day or two in advance.

• After the Eid prayer, they dispersed by a route that was different from the one they took to approach the Musalla.

The Islamic Tarbiyah (upbringing) imparted by the Prophetic traditions is not restricted to the outward aspects of worship, it goes deeper and teaches us the correct spirit of celebration.

Sheikh Muhammad Al-Jibaly writes: “The major part of the celebration is not eating or drinking – rather, it is a prayer that brings Muslims together to remember Allah’s bounties and celebrate His glory and greatness. The Eids and their celebration in Islam carry a distinctive meaning and spirit. They are completely different from the celebrations in other nations and cultures. For other nations, a holiday is a chance to immerse in worldly pleasures, or to involve oneself in prohibited acts to the utmost.

Not so for Muslims! For Muslims, the Eid is an occasion to increase in good deeds. Each Eid marks the conclusion of an important worship, and the determination to continue in obedience and submission to Allah. In moments of extreme pleasure or sadness, a Muslim never forgets his Lord’s greatness, might, glory, and watchfulness. A Muslim’s actions are always controlled by this continued remembrance and awareness.

Thus the Eid is not an occasion to take a vacation from Islamic responsibilities and commitments, nor to waste time and money in extravagance. It is not ‘fun for the sake of fun’. Rather, it is controlled and directed rejoicing that is of ultimate and definite benefit for the Muslim. The Eid is a chance to multiply good deeds by bringing happiness and pleasure to the hearts of other Muslims, by helping and supporting the poor and needy, and by getting involved in pastimes that emphasize the strong and serious Islamic character.”

Ibn Hajar writes in Fath Al-Bari, “It is related that the Prophet said that day: ‘Let the People of other religions of Madina know that our religion is spacious [and has room for relaxation] and I have been sent with an easy and straightforward religion.”’

There are several instances where the Prophet permitted Ayesha, may Allah be pleased with her, to indulge in suitable recreation on Eid.

Ayesha said: “The Messenger of Allah, entered the house and I had two girls who were singing about the battle of Bu’ath [a 120-year battle between the tribes of Aws and Khazraj that ended with the advent of Islam]. The Prophet (peace be upon him) lay down on the bed and turned his face to the other direction.

Abu Bakr entered and spoke harshly to me, ‘Musical instruments of the Satan in the presence of the Messenger of Allah!’ The Messenger of Allah, peace be upon him, turned his face to him and said: ‘Leave them.’ When Abu Bakr became inattentive I signaled to the girls to leave. It was the day of Eid and the Africans were performing with their shields and spears. Either I asked him or the Prophet asked if I would like to watch them [I don’t recall now]. I replied in the affirmative. At this the Prophet made me stand behind him and my cheek was against his. He was saying: ‘Carry on, O tribe of Arfidah,’ until I tired. The Prophet asked: ‘Is that enough for you?’ I replied: “Yes,” so he said: ‘Leave [then].’” (credit)



May Allah grant that we become increasingly more mindful of the gifts and blessings of Allah, we become more grateful and also to offer our compassion and mercy to those near us through acts of charity, goodness and love. Eid Mubarak to you all.



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Technology of the Heart: How did Prophet Muhammad celebrate Eid? An Occasion of Joy and Thanks Giving
How did Prophet Muhammad celebrate Eid? An Occasion of Joy and Thanks Giving
Eid al-Fitr as occasion of holy celebration and thanks giving was originated by the Messenger, may profound peace and blessings of Allah saturate his noble soul. It is observed on the first of the month of Shawwal at the end of the month of Ramadan, during which Muslims undergo a month long period of fasting.
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Technology of the Heart
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