The Fearless and Griefless Ones according to God's Promise
There is a phrase in the Final Testament which in Arabic reads as:
|La Khawfun Alayhim Wa La Hum Yuhza nun|
This translates as: No Fear on Them, Nor Shall They Grieve.
In this verse the Arabic word khawf is used which means fear, to be afraid, and you may find it in a number of places where this is mentioned in various context in the Quran. The word huzn or yahzanun means to grieve, to sorrow.
There are a total of 12 places in the Qur'an where people of certain qualities are mentioned for whom it is mentioned that they shall have no fear upon them, nor shall they grieve. In this article I attempt to explore who are the people of such station and the context within which they are mentioned so as to identify their qualities. These are the fearless and the griefless ones according to God's promise.
Those Who Follow Divine Guidance
The first of their reference comes on the 2nd Chapter, 38th Sign.
We said, "Go down from it, all of you. And when guidance comes to you from Me, whoever follows My guidance - there will be no fear upon them, nor will they grieve. -2:38
The context of this verse is the pre-eternity during the creation of the Human Consciousness symbolized by the First Man Adam. The Creator first teaches Him all knowledge or symbolically prepares the human consciousness to act as the vessel who shall inherit all knowledge in due time.
The context also tells us that Adamic manifestation is greater than that of the angels even though angels are innocent and ever engaged in the glorification of the Lord.
After Adamic consciousness is introduced the entire gamut of possible knowledge accessible to humanity, he is given refuge in the Garden. In the Garden Adam was forewarned which Adam forgot (which symbolizes the fact that human being is prone to forgetfulness) and disobeyed the Creator, hence find himself in the earthly station. Adam repented and out of the Infinite Mercy, God accepted Adam's repentance and first Divine revelation to mankind on the earthly plane was communicated (2:37). And during that first Divine revelation on the earthly plane some truth was conveyed and it is told: "When Guidance comes to you from Me, whoever follows My Guidance (huda) - there will be no fear upon them, nor will they grieve."
Those Who Have Faith and Do Good Deeds
The 2nd reference is in the 62nd Sign of the 2nd Chapter
Surely (the ones) who have faith and the ones who have Judaized and the Nasara (Christians) and the Sabi'in, (Sabaeans) whoever have believed in Allah and the Final Day of Judgment and do righteous good deeds, then they will have their reward in the Providence of their Lord, and no fear will be on them, neither will they grieve. -2:62
The context of this particular Sign is primarily about the Children of Israel, and yet the message is an universal one which convey glad tidings to not only to faithful Muslims but also to Jews and Christians and those who were known as Sabeans in the Seventh Century Arabia. Many say, the term Sabeans also encompass those who do not belong to any formal religion but who are still faithful in God, believe in the Final Judgment. Importantly faith or identity of faith is also coupled here with good deeds, virtuous actions. It is them who are such faithful ones, no matter what religious identity they find themselves with, for them the station of fearlessness and no grief awaits as reward.
Again this is mentioned in the 5th Chapter:
Surely those who have attained faith and those who are Jews and the Sabians and the Christians who believe in God and the Last Day of Judgment and who act wholesomely - no fear on them, nor shall they grieve. -5:69
The universality of Messengers sent by God to humanity across many ages are acknowledged again and again. They had the mission of communicating good news for those who follow truth and guidance and also warned those who gone astray and thus incur the wrath of God. Amidst it all, those who have faith coupled with good deeds are the ones who receive the station of fearlessness and grieflessness.
And We have not sent the messengers except as bringers of good news and warners. So whoever attains to faith and does good deeds, then there will be no fear on them and they will not grieve. -6:48
O children of Adam! if there come to you messengers from among you relating to you My communications, then whoever are mindful of God and act aright-- they shall have no fear nor shall they grieve. -7:35
The Wholly Surrendered Ones
The 3rd reference in in the 112th Sign of the 2nd Chapter
Yes indeed, whoever has surrendered his face (i.e., surrendered his will) to Allah and is a doer of good, then he has his reward in the Providence of his Lord and no fear will be upon them, neither will they grieve. -2:112
During the time of God's Messenger, some Christians and Jews used to say that they have exclusive access to Heaven and everyone else would go to Hell. This attitude still persist among some religiously blind people when they think only they are saved, rest are doomed.
Through Quran God challenges this narrow attitude and says no single religious community has a monopoly over Divine Grace. The 111th verse quotes some of the arrogant saying, "And they say: "None shall enter Paradise unless he be a Jew or a Christian."
Then God goes on to reveal the true criteria for entering the Kingdom, "Rather, whoever surrendered his, her face, essence, will to God, and is a doer of goodness, shall have their reward with God, and neither shall fear be upon him nor shall he grieve.
The Charitable Ones Who are Not Showy
Showiness and hidden agenda corrupts charity. In the same 2nd Chapter, Sign 262 mentions another group of people for whom God promises the station of fearlessness and grieflessness.
Those who spend their wealth in the Cause of Allah, and do not follow up their gifts with reminders of their generosity or with injury, their reward is with their Lord. On them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve. -2:262
The next sign reminds the etiquette of giving and what is better. "Kind speech and forgiveness are better than charity followed by injury. And Allah is Free of need and Forbearing." -2:263
The same station is again promised for charitable ones who spend either secretly or openly.
Those who spend their wealth by night and by day, secretly and openly - for them their reward is with their Lord. No fear shall be upon them, and they shall not grieve. -2:274
The context of the above verse is all about good adab or etiquette of charity that spans from 2:261 to 2:281.
In the same context, the station comes up again.
Surely, those who securely believe and do good and stand for salah (prayer) and give the zakah (poor due), for them their reward is with their Lord. And no fear shall be upon them, and they shall not grieve. -2:277
The above Sign encompasses the life of a Surrendered person who has faith in the Absolute, who perform good out of love of God, who turn himself or herself towards God in prayer because he, she know that it is the highest action to face the Real and who give what is his, her out of love God as an witness to their love. For such people the station of fearlessness and grieflessness is promised.
And reckon not those who are killed in Allah's way as dead; nay, they are alive (and) are provided sustenance from their Lord; Rejoicing in what Allah has given them out of His grace and they rejoice for the sake of those who, (being left) behind them, have not yet joined them, that they shall have no fear, nor shall they grieve. They rejoice in the Grace and Bounty from Allah, and Allah does not allow the reward of faithfuls to be lost. -3:169,171
The Friends of God
Surely for the friends of Allah (awliyaAllah) there is neither fear nor grief - those who believe and guard themselves - for them good news in the life of the world and in the final world. There is no change in the Words of Allah. This is the supreme triumph. -10:62-64
Those Who Acknowledge the Absolute and Stay on the Right Path
Indeed, those who have said, "Our Lord is Allah ," and then continued on the right path - there will be no fear upon them, nor will they grieve. Such shall be Companions of the Gardens, abiding eternally therein: a reward for their deeds. -46:13,14
So thus above are the various group of people for whom the Promise of Allah remains that they shall not fear and nor will they grieve, specially on a Tremendous Day of Judgment when no soul can in any way help another, neither their intercession be accepted even if they wanted to give the whole world as a ransom. On that Day Authority shall be entirely to the One Who has all Authority, the King, the True Master, the Lord of the multiverse.
Unquestionably, the promise of Allah is truth, but most of them do not know. It is He Who gives life, and causes death, and to Him you shall eventually return. -10:55-56
-- Sadiq M. Alam, Dhaka, Bangladesh
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