... I’ve found that the basis’ for excess that move the heart appear to manifest themselves through the listening, sight, speech, food, clothes, and housing.
- Excess in listening leading to heedlessness and forgetfulness
- Excess in sight leading to recklessness and confusion
- Excess in speech leading to unneeded articulacy and unnecessary addition (bi'da)
- Excess in food leading to gluttony and overindulgence
- Excess in clothes leading to pride and pompousness
- Excess in housing leading to wastefulness and conceit
So remember that preserving your limbs is an obligation and leaving off excess is a virtue.
~ Al-Muhasibi, Al-Harith ibn Asad. Risalat al-Mustarshidin. Maktab al-Matbu’at al-Islamiyyah, Beirut. Pp.164-170
al-Muhasibi (781–857) was the founder of the Baghdad School of Islamic philosophy, and a teacher of the Sufi masters Junayd al-Baghdadi and Sari al-Saqti. His full name is Abu Abdullah Harith bin Asad al-Basri. He was born in Basra in 781. Muhasibi means self-inspection/audit. It was his characteristic property. He was a founder of Sufi doctrine, and influenced many subsequent theologians, such as al-Ghazali.
* Abu Abdallah al-Harith al-Muhasibi