Knowledge not only represents one of the attributes of God, but also its a Divine quality in which humans can have a share due to the mercy and inscrutable wisdom of the Divine. The pursuit of this knowledge is thus the quintessential human aspiration and its attainment marks human fulfillment and perfection.
Beyond the innate potential of knowing the mysteries of the creation, Muslims believe that all human beings already possesses (some) knowledge of Divine, of God. In fact, the knowledge of God is believed to have been woven intot the very fabric of human nature.
Giving evidence for this, the Quran tells of a most inexplicable episode long ago - in fact prior to the creation itself. Prior to our very existence, save in the Divine Mind, God is said to have summoned us all out of non-existence to stand before Him for a moment that would mark us for all eternity.
In this meeting, God asked all the souls who would ever come into existence a simple and direct question: "Am I not your Lord?"
In unison, all the souls replied, "Aye, we do testify." (The Quran, 7:172)
Thus, accroding to what we call the spiritual psychology of Islam, when a human being gazes deeply enough into his or her own heart, he or she will find the memory of that meeting.
Thats why our inner voice sometime sounds very familiar pershaps!
On the same theme, it may be useful to remind us the beautifu saying of the Prophet Muhammad, the person who knows himself, knows his Lord.
:: Quoted mostly from Dr. Timothy J. Gianotti's (his Muslim name is Abu Mustafa) paper titled, Ultimate Horizons: The Mysteries of being and becoming Muslim. presented at 2nd Int'l Conference on Islamic Spirituality, 2-3 Sept, 2006, Singapore. This article is also drawn heavily from a chapter of the volume, On Human Nature: the Jerusalem Center Symposum, 2004, pg 85-93.